Tag: NR


V2X within the 3GPP standards – Physical Layer, Radio Resource Allocation, Synchronization, and QoS Management

This post presents a more detailed description of the sidelink radio interfaces proposed in LTE-V2X (Release 14/15) and its successor – NR-V2X. The focus will be mostly on the physical layer and radio resource allocation aspects, with some information on the synchronization possibilities and Quality-of-Service (QoS) management, also provided.
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3GPP Rel-18: 5G-Advanced RAN Features

3GPP Rel-18 is the first release of the 5G-Advanced standard. On the 17th of December 2021, 3GPP TSG RAN plenary (3GPP RAN TSG #94e) approved 28 Release-18 projects (i.e., Study- and Work-Items, SI/WI) with the following split among RAN groups: 12 RAN1-led projects, 10 RAN2-led projects, 5 RAN3-led projects, and 1 RAN4-led project. Those topics include AI/ML for NR and NG-RAN, NTN and MIMO enhancements, evolution for sidelink, UAV, RedCap, SON, QoE, XR services, to name a few. In this post, we elaborate on each of the approved projects entering 5G-Advanced standardization.
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RAN Intelligent Controller (RIC): Overview, xApps, and rApps

RAN Intelligent Controller (RIC) is to enable abstracting out part of functionality from the eNB or gNB that was traditionally hosted at the base station in the form of xApps or rApps in the O-RAN architecture. The functions, to which we relate here in the RAN domain include e.g., mobility management or interference management. The decisions are made in the xApps, and RIC then enforces policies towards the RAN elements and controls them using the open interface, namely E2. In this post, we elaborate on the RIC, its functional split, xApps, and rApps.
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What is Open RAN?

Like almost everything in Telecom's, Open RAN is complicated. It's not a single idea. It's not a single product or service. It's not an optimization technique or path towards improved efficiency. It’s hardly even an agreed term. Open RAN is essentially 2 foundational ideas: 1) The disaggregation of network functionality from the underlying hardware. 2) The specification of discrete functional blocks having well-defined interfaces. In other words, modularity.
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3GPP Rel-18: The Preliminary Discussions

According to 3GPP the prioritization process on Rel-18 features should be completed by the end of 2021 - with the Rel-18 Package Approval scheduled for December 2021. As of now, the decisions are still focused on the Rel-17 schedule. Meanwhile, some Rel-18 Stage 1 studies are underway.
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5G mmWave Webinar Summary

During the talk it was explained what is the difference between currently used “sub-6 GHz waves” and introduced for mobile service mmWaves. Among key differences in these bands enhanced path loss was mentioned and antenna arrays as potential enabler to overcome high path loss in mmWave.
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